League Laws of the Game modified for league play.
The full version
of the futsal laws of the game can be found here:Futsal
LAW I – THE PLAYING COURT
The playing court will be the regulation basketball court
at each match location.
The Penalty Area
The penalty area will be the 3-point line area at each end
of the playing court.
A penalty spot will be midpoint on the foul line.
A second penalty spot will be midpoint at the top of the basketball key.
LAW II –
The game ball will be provided by the league for all matches.
U12 and under: Size 3
and older: Size 4
LAW III – THE NUMBER OF PLAYERS’
LAW IV –
THE PLAYERS’ EQUIPMENT
No turf shoes or black soled shoes will be allowed.
LAW V –
. Not modified
LAW VIII – THE DURATION OF THE GAME
Periods of Play
The game lasts two equal periods of 25 minutes.
The time keeping is undertaken by the referee.
LAW IX – THE START AND RESTART OF PLAY
The visiting team decides which goal
it wishes to attack in the first half of the game.
The home team takes the kick-off to start the game.
The visiting team takes the kick-off to start the second half of the game.
In the second half of the game the
teams change ends and attack the opposite goals.
A goal may NOT be scored directly from the
· all players are in their own half of the field
· the opponents
of the team taking the kick-off are at least 3 m from the ball
· the ball is stationary on the center mark
· the referee gives a signal
· the ball is in play when it is kicked and moves forward the
kicker may not touch the ball a second time until it has touched another player
LAW X – BALL IN AND OUT OF
LAW XI – THE METHOD OF SCORING
– FOULS AND MISCONDUCT
Fouls and misconduct are penalized as follows:
Direct Free Kick
A direct free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any of the following six offenses in a manner considered
by the referee to be careless, reckless or using excessive force:
· kicks or attempts to kick an opponent
· trips or attempts to trip an opponent
· jumps at an opponent
· charges an opponent, even
with the shoulder
· strikes or attempts to strike an opponent
· pushes an opponent
free kick is also awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any of the following offenses:
· spits at an opponent
· slides in an attempt to play the ball when it is being played
or attempted to be played by an opponent (except for the goalkeeper in his own penalty area) (sliding tackle)
handles the ball deliberately (except for the goalkeeper in his own penalty area)
A direct free kick is taken
from the place where the infringement occurred.
The above fouls are accumulated fouls.
A Penalty Kick is awarded if a player commits any of the aforementioned offenses inside his own penalty area,
irrespective of the position of the ball but provided that it is in play.
Indirect Free Kick
free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a goalkeeper commits one of the following offenses:
· touches or
controls the ball with his hands after it has been deliberately kicked to him by a team-mate
· touches or controls
the ball with his hands after he has received it directly from a kick-in taken by a team-mate
· touches or controls
the ball with his hands, on any part of the playing court, for more than four seconds.
An indirect free kick is
also awarded to the opposing team to be taken from the place where the infringement occurred, if in the opinion of the referee,
· plays in a dangerous manner
· deliberately impedes the progress of an opponent
when the ball is not being played
· prevents the goalkeeper from releasing the ball from his hands
commits any other offence, not previously mentioned in Law XII, for which play is stopped to caution or dismiss a player
The indirect free kick is taken from the place where the infringement occurred, unless this was in the penalty area, in
which case the indirect free kick is taken from the penalty area line at the place closest to where the infringement occurred.
LAW XIII – FREE KICKS
LAW XIV – ACCUMULATED FOULS
LAW XV – THE PENALTY KICK
LAW XVI – THE KICK-IN
LAW XVII – THE GOAL CLEARANCE
A goal clearance is a method of restarting play.
goal may not be scored directly from a goal clearance.
The goal clearance is awarded when:
whole of the ball, having last touched a player of the attacking team, passes over the goal line, either on the ground or
in the air, and a goal is not scored in accordance with Law XI.
· · the ball is
thrown from any point within the penalty area by the goalkeeper of the defending team
· · opponents remain
outside the penalty area until the ball is in play
· · the goalkeeper does not play the ball a second
time until it has touched another player
· ·the ball is in play when it is thrown directly beyond the
· the ball cannot be thrown over half court
ball is not thrown directly beyond the penalty area:
· the goal clearance is retaken
If, after the
ball is in play, the goalkeeper touches the ball a second time, before it has touched another player:
· an indirect
free kick is awarded to the opposing team from the place where the infringement occurred, unless it was committed in the penalty
area, in which case the indirect free kick is taken from the penalty area line from the place nearest to where the infringement
If the ball is thrown over half court, before it has touched another player:
· an indirect
free kick is awarded to the opposing team from the place where the infringement occurred on the half court line
XVIII – THE CORNER KICK
The only FIFA sanctioned indoor soccer game and the "Game of
Choice" of US Youth Soccer.
SOCCER RULES vs FUTSAL RULES
#5 Ball vs # 4 Ball30% less bounce
Players vs 5 Players
3 Substitutions vs Unlimited Flying Sub (12 Players on Team)
Running clock vs Stopped clock
45 minutes halves vs 20 minute halves
No Time-outs vs 1 Time-out
Goal Kick vs Goal Clearance (throw)
Some contact vs No shoulder charges or sliding tackles
time limit on restarts vs 4 Second rule on restarts
Offside Rule vs No Offside Rule
Unlimited fouling vs 5
Foul Limit - No wall for Direct Free Kick after 5th Foul
No sub for player sent off vs Player sent off can be substituted
for after 2 minutes or after other team has scored
Corner kick placed in arch vs Corner kick placed on corner
TIPS FOR COACHING
For many soccer coaches, both veterans and novices, coaching
a futsal game is a new concept. Although the sport shares the same DNA as soccer, coaches should be aware of the unique
benefits that the sport provides and the unique approach to coaching it allows.
Why Coach Futsal?
Futsal is increasingly seen as an ideal way to introduce children to the skills that soccer requires.
else, futsal develops ball skills. By playing with small numbers, players get lots of touches on the ball in tight spaces.
Beginner players, U-6 and U-8, typically play 3 vs. 3 with no goalkeepers. In its pure form, futsal means 5 vs. 5, with 4
field players and a goalkeeper.
"It is very important for young soccer players to gain confidence as they
grow comfortable with the ball at their feet," Erica Mastrogiacomo, recently named the Academy Director of the Massachusetts
Futsal Association, said. "Unlike larger games of 6 vs. 6 or 11 vs. 11, in which a tentative player could get lost in
the mix for many minutes without ever touching the ball, futsal involves players in action all of the time."
Futsal accelerates development of other crucial soccer abilities. According to the US Futsal Federation, the sport develops
balance, motor ability, agility, coordination, accurate passing and receiving, perception, insight, and awareness.
Coaching Your First Futsal Game. Like any game, futsal games can be both exciting and hectic. If it's your
first one, here are some tips you should keep in mind:
• Review futsal rules and the specific rules of the league
you have entered. Although futsal has few rules, you and your players should know how to make a proper substitution, how to
take "kick-ins" and "goal clearances."
• Keep your roster small. This helps avoid confusion
with substitutes and keeps kids involved in the game. For 5 vs. 5 tournaments, coaches should consider bringing a roster of
8 to 12 players.
• Consider determining a rotation for substitutions. You can rotate one or two players at
a time, or you can replace an entire team of four at once (a la line shifts in hockey). It helps to have an assistant coach
minding the clock, to keep track of when to change players.
• In futsal, substitutions happen "on the
fly." To change an entire team, or goalkeepers, coaches should wait for a stoppage in play such as halftime, a timeout,
or an opponent's goal.
• In gyms, time and space for warm-ups can be limited. Go over a dynamic warm-up that
players can perform in small space. This might include some lunges, jumps, skips and stretching.
• Let the
game be the coach. You don't need to give complicated instructions before the game. And you shouldn't yell instructions to
players throughout the game. Instead, talk to the players on the bench about the decisions being made on the field. Try to
help them recognize good vs. bad decisions.
• Encourage and praise good decisions.
your team (or individual players) a challenge or one focus during each game. For example, focus on forming triangles, or creating
combinations, or shielding the ball.
• Above all, Mastrogiacomo says, "focus on technique and tactics,
not the score."
Part of the brilliance of futsal is that the game serves as a natural teacher. Coaches can
sit back and let the exciting nature of the small-sided game grow players' enthusiasm while improving technique, creativity,
and quick decision-making.
The tactical aspects of futsal get more complicated as players and teams become more
advanced. But, at its core, futsal is fun and free-flowing. And any youth soccer team would improve by playing it.
About Oceaneers Futsal
The Oceaneers Futsal League (OFL)
is committed to the support and development of Futsal® for recreational and competitive soccer clubs and players.
OFL provides Futsal leagues, camp, clinics, and training as well as tournaments for all level teams to participate.
OFL is locally owned and owner-operated and managed by a staff consisting of soccer professionals, referees, and coaches.
· Teams and individuals (free agents) can register for each session with all games played at one of our Futsal
· OFL will have programs for all ages. We will offer instructional classes, recreational and competitive
leagues for adults, and recreational and competitive leagues for advanced players for all skill levels.
your level of soccer experience, there is a fun, exciting program available for you and your family at OFL.
is the only indoor game sanctioned by FIFA. If skills development is important, Futsal is recognized as clearly the best form
of indoor soccer. But that's not the only reason.
· Better Skills Development - Futsal promotes quality touches
· Safer - Futsal eliminates the injuries associated with wall collisions
· Less Expensive - Futsal
makes quality soccer more affordable
And OFL offers indoor soccer time available to groups participating in the Futsal
leagues. So, there are many reasons to consider Futsal. If you want a better indoor game, which is safer and less expensive
then read on.
Is Futsal new?
Futsal is the new rage in American soccer. However, as is often the case, the US is
just catching on to what the world already knows. Superior soccer skill is built by simulating the outdoor game indoors with
small-sided games and a smaller ball. World famous clubs such as Ajax have used this approach for years. Futsal has been around
for over fifty years but US interest in soccer skill development has only recently focused attention on the training techniques
used in successful soccer powerhouses such as Brazil, Holland, Germany, France, and Italy. So, Futsal has been around for
many years but interest is just starting to explode in the United States.
What is Futsal?
Futsal is FIFA's official
indoor soccer game which is, essentially, a scaled down version of outdoor soccer played indoor. It is a small-sided game
(5v5) played on a smaller field (roughly basketball court sized) with a smaller (size 3-4) ball. Futsal is played with touchline
boundaries. There are no walls in play. This is the game that outdoor soccer players around the globe play when they are indoors
to refine and maintain their control skills and touch. It is superior to walled soccer in terms of developing better skills
and technique. In traditional American walled soccer, players regularly whack the ball (and sometimes their bodies) against
the boards, which promotes improper technique and too often rewards errant play. In Futsal, players are constantly reminded
to play the same quality control game that is required for success in the outdoor game.
What is the history of Futsal?
origin of Futsal can be traced back to Montevideo, Uruguay, in 1930 when Juan Carlos Ceriani devised a five-a-side version
of soccer for youth competition in YMCAs. The game is played on basketball-sized courts, both indoors and out without the
use of sidewalls. The term FUTSAL is the international term used for the game. It is derived from the Spanish or Portuguese
word for "soccer", FUTbol or FUTebol, and the French or Spanish root word for "indoor" or "room", SALon or Salle or SALa.
Taken literally, Futbol means 'foot and ball' (i.e. playing outdoors) and Futsal indicates 'Futbol in room' (i.e. playing
The game is frequently referred to as Five-A-Side. Once Ceriani got the ball rolling, Futsal gained rapid
popularity throughout South America, particularly in Brazil. The skill developed in this game is visible in the world-famous
style the Brazilians display outdoors on the full-sized field. Pele, Zico, Socrates, Bebeto and other Brazilian superstars
developed their skill playing Futsal. While Brazil continues to be the Futsal hub of the world, the game is now played, under
the auspices of FIFA, all over the world, from Europe to North and Central America and the Caribbean, South America, Africa,
and Asia and Oceania.
The first international competition took place in 1965, when Paraguay won the first South American
Cup. Six more South American Cups were held through 1979, with Brazil winning all of them. Brazil continued its dominance
with a victory in the first Pan American Cup in 1980 and won it again the next time it was played in 1984. A U.S. team took
part in the 1984 cup, but finished out of the running.
The U.S. Futsal Federation was incorporated in January 1983.
Osvaldo Garcia was the first president. The game originally was referred to as Mini-soccer and then became known by its official
international name, Futsal. The current federation president is Alexander J.C. Para.
The first Futsal World Championship
conducted under the auspices of FIFUSA (before its members integrated into FIFA in 1989) was held in Sao Paulo, Brazil, in
1982, with Brazil finishing in first place. The Brazilians repeated as champions at the second World Championship in 1985
in Spain, but lost in the third World Championship in 1988 in Australia to Paraguay. FIFA took over direct sponsorship of
the event in 1989 in Holland and 1992 in Hong Kong. Brazil won both times. The U.S. Futsal (Indoor Team), finished third in
1989 and second in 1992. The highest showing by any team from the United States in a FIFA tournament until the U.S. Women's
team won the gold medal in China for outdoor soccer. The Third FIFA World Futsal Championship was be held November 24 through
December 11, 1996 in Spain.
The first international Futsal match in the United States was held in December 1985, at
Sonoma State University in Rohnert Park, Calif. The U.S. select team defeated Australia, 9-5.
U.S. Futsal has conducted
a National Championship each year since 1985. Futsal is establishing itself at the youth level in the U.S. The Boys and Girls
Clubs of America took a strong interest after the Columbia Park Club in San Francisco asked the Federation to give a demonstration.
The national organization adopted the sport, and it is now played at about 1,100 Boys and Girls Clubs throughout the U.S.
U.S. Youth Soccer Association and U.S. Futsal signed an agreement in August of 1995, to promote Futsal in all National State
Associations under the auspices of U.S. Futsal. Massachusetts was the first state to sign an agreement with U. S. Futsal.
How is Futsal safer?
Eliminating walls makes soccer safer but there are other aspects of Futsal, which make it
safer as well. Besides fewer broken bones and concussions (which too often occur in hockey-rink walled soccer), there are
fewer high-speed collisions because the field is shorter. You don't develop the same full head of steam running for the ball
in Futsal and consequently have less of those related injuries. Finally, a game, which emphasizes control under pressure versus
kick and run inevitably leads to more heads-up play. In general, it is safer by virtue of the fewer injuries due to the nature
of the arena and the game.
Is this just an oddball fad?
No. This is the way the world develops great players year-round.
None of the successful major playing countries in the world including, Brazil, Italy, Germany, France, Holland, play indoor
soccer in hockey rinks. Now that America is taking soccer seriously and wants to compete at the highest levels, Futsal will
irreversibly dominate the US indoor soccer scene. By playing Oceaneers Futsal, you will be joining the fastest growing indoor
league. American soccer development will only advance to the next level when the indoor game advances to the same level as
the rest of the world. And Oceaneers Futsal is leading the way by regularly opening new Futsal centers. Before entering another
'hockey rink' style league, ask yourself "How important is skills development to my players?" This is the question coaches
are asking and the conclusion people seem to be drawing is that Futsal is the wave of the future. It is not a fad, it is the
way the world plays and it is here to stay in America.
Why the funny ball?
Unlike some myths, a Futsal ball is
neither funny nor fuzzy. It is, however, different. The Futsal ball, also known as a reduced bound or low-bounce ball, is
smaller than a normal outdoor soccer ball and heavier. There is a FIFA specification for the ball's size, weight and bounce.
properties are specifically designed to build confidence and develop skill and technique. When a Futsal ball is received,
it virtually 'sticks' to the foot. This builds great confidence in tight spaces when rapid passes are being issued repeatedly.
Interestingly, that same property which makes the ball easy to receive makes it more difficult to strike. A Futsal ball gradually
eliminates the 'lazy pass'. It is heavier and players rapidly get acquainted with the merits of bending the knee, turning
the hips, and striking the ball firmly to propel it. Repeated touches on the ball eventually produce a motion which, when
transplanted outdoors with a high bounce ball, translates into a firmer and proportionately longer pass appropriate for the
Many programs around the world also claim that smaller size encourages more precise striking of the 'sweet spot'
of the ball. If one works during the off season on striking a Futsal ball, then a larger bouncier ball is struck with greater
confidence and authority in the outdoor game.
How is Futsal better than Walled Soccer?
Futsal improves player soccer
skills better than walled soccer for both offensive and defensive skills training.
As an offensive Futsal player, there
are no walls to save errant passes. There are no walls to stop long balls. There are no walls to rebound errant shots. There
are no walls against which to pin the ball or your opponent. There are no walls to help you if you lack the feinting skills
to beat a defender. There are no walls to save you if your teammates are not moving into space to support you. In general,
you must control the ball, use proper touch and technique, use correct pace, send accurate service, and truly work dynamic
As a Futsal defender, you can 'face up' on an oncoming player just like in outdoor soccer (there is no wall
pass to beat you). You can let errant passes go out of bounds to win the ball (the proper result of your opponent's faux-pas).
Goalies and defenders can concentrate on proper shot blocking angles. You do not need to worry about long overhead balls,
which should go out of bounds. You can drive an oncoming player into the side to break up breakaway or outnumbered breaks.
In general, you can practice and perfect the defensive techniques, which apply to outdoor soccer. You don't waste time working
on defending against phantom players (i.e. walls).
Consider some of the key problems with the following typical hockey-rink
style Indoor soccer scenarios:
· Question: In hockey-rink soccer, what happens when a child bounces a ball against
a wall in order to beat an opponent?
· Answer: The child advances the ball past a defender when there's a wall
available without the need or effort of feinting, chopping, or chipping. Hockey rink soccer supporters defend this as a useful
simulation of passing to a teammate who subsequently one-times the ball as part of a 'give-and-go'. Futsal sees this as a
lost opportunity to work on skills to beat defenders (i.e. never waste an opportunity to work on the skills required for the
· Question: In hockey-rink soccer, what happens when a child bounces a wall-pass to a teammate?
· Answer: The child advances the ball to a teammate when there's a wall available without the need or effort
of passing. Hockey rink soccer supporters defend this as a useful simulation of passing to a teammate who subsequently one-times
the ball to the forward-most member of a 'triangle'. Futsal believes the best pass is to a live player. You should be developing
dynamic combinations of moving players who move into space. The player with the ball looks for moving teammates and anticipates
those movements. Don't assume a stationary target (i.e. the wall) is always there ready for your pass. You need to be trained
on the realities of the outdoor game and your teammates need to learn how to support you.
· Question: What
happens when a child blasts a shot against a wall so an onrushing teammate can score on the anticipated rebound?
Answer: The child creates scoring opportunities when there's a wall available to either side of the goal without the need
to make an accurate shot. While some soccer aficionados label this a useful exercise others feel it is best to practice taking
accurate scoring shots.
Question: What happens when a child beats a defender by 'dumping the ball into the corner'
(á la NHL) and chasing it?
· Answer: The child beats a defender when there's a wall available without fear of
the ball rolling out of bounds without the need or effort of passing or dribbling. Futsal supporters argue that players should
always be reinforcing the need to control the ball and keep it in play (i.e. never waste a touch).
It should be apparent
that there are serious problems with the above scenarios in terms of developing proper technique for the 'real' game of outdoor
1. These indoor soccer techniques assume that a wall is available. If there is no wall available then these
wall-based skills have questionable value.
2. These so-called 'wall skills' can account for a frighteningly high percentage
of the touches in a game. Therefore, the quality of the time spent in terms of developing useful outdoor soccer skills is
3. Playing with walls introduces a real danger to the child. What happens when a player pins his/her body
against the boards either to advance a ball past a defender (who is also pinned against the boards) or to stop his opponent
from advancing? And what can happen when players run at full speed toward the boards? Real horror stories abound.
places a premium on control and technique. Take away the walls and you can still have as much fun as walled soccer. But there
are far more quality touches and repetitions which directly translate to the outdoor game. With Futsal, you make better use
of your time and money.
Is Futsal as much fun as walled soccer?
Absolutely. If you like outdoors soccer, you'll
love Futsal. It is fast paced and exciting. With the field being so small, scoring chances abound and games are often high
scoring affairs with many different players scoring goals. Even though the ball may go out of bounds, the ball must be put
back in play within four seconds or the opposing team gets possession. This not only encourages better control but it also
keeps players moving. You cannot sit back and wait for the ball to rebound off the boards (as in walled soccer) because you
must fetch it promptly and kick it back into play within four seconds.
From a developmental standpoint, you satisfy
the magic objective of teaching proper technique while having fun. This is, perhaps, the most wonderful achievement of Futsal.
does Futsal promote better technique?
Just watch Futsal players fight to keep the ball from crossing the touchline and
you'll immediately begin to see how Futsal develops skill, control, and technique. A small field with lines puts players constantly
under pressure from other players and out-of-play boundaries. Players must learn to settle the ball rapidly, chop sharply,
shield effectively, pass quickly and move into space.
Compared to walled soccer or large indoor field soccer, Futsal
places a greater premium on ball control. There is no reward for errant passes because the other team gets the ball. There
is no reward for errant shots because the other team gets the ball. There is no incentive to 'kick and run' because the field
is too small and packed with players. Players with the ball must use proper technique to maintain control and must seek out
other players in space. Players without the ball must move to 'real' space and must truly support their teammates.
Futsal, the emphasis is clearly on control and technique. Without control and technique you cannot expect to succeed in Futsal.
And, if US players are to be more successful in the international arena, it is clear that we must better train and prepare
our youth on proper technique. Playing indoor soccer in a hockey rink just does not make sense to any serious development
program. If you are serious about skills and technique development, Futsal is the superior activity. Futsal promotes better
technique and develops skills more rapidly. And if you are serious about the quality of the time you spend playing or watching
soccer games, Futsal is clearly better.
Who says Futsal is really that much better?
FIFA says Futsal is better.
US Youth Soccer says Futsal is better. And the Brazilians are among the many nations that swear by it. Pele, Renaldo and Bebeto
all credit Futsal for much of their skill and technique development. All the major heads of US Soccer and FIFA declared that
this is the way to go. Once you experience Futsal, you will see the reasons.
Recruiting. No team, club, coach, player or any other person
may approach a registered player to
leave his club or team. Recruiting is further defined as: 1. Any team, acting through
team officials, administrators, players or parents of players, which attempts to induce any player
on a valid team roster of another team to leave their team shall be deemed to have recruited
that player. 2. Any team may
conduct publicly announced open tryouts to acquire players. Any
players or players parents may initiate direct contact
with any team for the purpose of joining that
team. 3. Invitations to players (s) listed on valid rosters for play on indoor
teams or as guest
player(s) for tournaments, must be initiated through that players primary association coach.